GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Thurrock Muslims -Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


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Ramadaan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


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Let’s get ready for Ramadan in obedience to our Most Merciful Rabb, Allah!

It is hoped this will inform us of the primary reasons we fast, what is required of us and what to hope for.

May Allah, The Supreme Creator, permit us to fast for none but Him alone, may He reward us for our endeavours, and may He permit us to strive to avoid that which nullifies the fast, and strive to adhere to what maintains and perfects it, in accordance with the teachings of His final prophet peace be upon him.  Ameen.

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy medical professional) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

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Fiqh of Fasting – Part 7  (adapted mainly from Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim with notes from others)

Summary of Siyam (Fasting) Essentials

What is the meaning of “Siyam?”

The word “siyam” comes from the root word “sowm,” which means “to abstain from.”

Did Muslims fast before 2 A.H.?

Yes, in fact the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast on various days, including:

1. Day of Ashura (the exodus) when Allah delivered Musa sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and the Muslims of that time from the evil of Pharaoh. The Prophet (upon him be peace) taught us to fast two days—either the day before or after plus the actual day of Ashura.

2. On the day of Arafat, if not making Hajj

3. The first 9 Days of dhul-Hijjah

4. Mondays & Thursdays through out the year

5. The middle three days of each lunar month (13th, 14th & 15th) when he moon is at its brightest

6. There are some proofs by way of Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast before the prophethood—but we do not know the exact days.

Why was Siyam ordered?

The answer to this question lies only with Allah. However, we can find that there are many benefits and bits of wisdom behind this pious and sincere act.

1. Increases one’s Taqwa (remembrance of Allah in daily affairs), as is stated in the Quran: Surah Baqara verse 183.

2. Trains the body, mind and spirit to bear hardships while remaining patient.

3. Trains the body, mind and spirit to hold back from the natural desires of the human: food, drink, anger, lust, etc.

4. To help one understand what the impoverished go though.

What is the importance of the month of Ramadan?

This is the month in which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. This is the month where every dua’ reaches Allah. This is the month where the Muslims are protected from the evil whisperings of the shayateen. This is the month where one plants the seeds of worship, the seeds of taqwa in the earth and harvests the good deeds for sustenance throughout the year. And most importantly, this is the month in which the Quran was revealed—more specifically, on the night of Lailat-ul-Qadr.

Who must fast?

1. One who is Muslim
2. One who has Aql (mental faculties are sound and understands the responsibility of fasting)
3. One who has reached the age of puberty (signs include: growth of pubic hair or nocturnal emissions, emitting maniy, or reaching 15 years of age, occurrence of menses)
4. One who is Kaadir (able to maintain the fast)

What is the requirement for the fast?

Very simply, the fast begins with the niya (intention-this need not be verbal, rather intention resides in the heart)—this is a pre Requisite/ Shart—and then refraining from food, drink and things that break the fast, until the time for Maghrib has arrived.

It must be noted by the reader that one cannot just wake up in the morning and proclaim his fast for that day. This was only allowed for the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam. Rather, for the followers, there needs to be mental recognition of the fast BEFORE FAJR in other than the month of Ramadan.

What breaks the fast?

1. Eating

2. Drinking

3. Sexual relations/intimate acts of any type that leads to male or female sexual discharge,

4. Haid (menstrual bleeding)

5. Nifas (post natal bleeding)

6. Intentional vomiting

7. Needles that give you nourishment

For further clarification on some issues:

a. Blood testing is okay

b. If one needs to take Insulin then that person cannot fast

c. Using the puffer for asthma patients is okay—the respiratory type only.

(in sha Allah, see more detailed article on things which nullify the fast)
What happens if a couple has intimate relations during the fast?

• If the couple have intercourse intentionally then they have to make up that day and they have to fast 60 days consecutively, or if unable feed 60 people or Kafarah

What is Kafarah?

This is given only as expiation for sexual infractions during the fast. There are three methods of expiation:

1. Freeing of a slave

2. Fast for 60 consecutive days. If one day is missed then you would start from the beginning again

3. If you are unable to fast, for a legitimate reason (sick, old,etc.) then you may feed 60 miskeen (poor) people. They have to be Muslim people and it can happen on one day as a feast. Also, one can just give the money to feed 60 people. This is considered a debt for that person and they should fulfil it before their death. If they do die then the relatives can either fast for them or feed the miskeen.

What about those that cannot fast, but are of age?

Of those who are excused from the fast are those who have a long-term sickness, the pregnant woman, the woman who is breast-feeding and the traveller. For the traveller, the fast is to be made up. But for the others, they are to pay the Fidya (please note, there is a scholarly difference of opinion regarding who can pay fidyah instead of making up fasts- please consult a scholar for your own case, see the links below). Fidya is to pay for a meal for one miskeen person for everyday that is missed. Like the Kafarah, one can arrange to give 30 days worth of money at one time, or arrange a feast for 30 miskeen people on one day.

PLEASE NOTE however, regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sickness, please ask a highly knowledge Islamic scholar for individual cases. see this and this-is fidyah enough for pregnant women/sick people or not & should they make up the fast?) . Regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sick people whose illness goes away and making up missed fasts, see these (who is exempt) and (how to make up fasts for ladies/mothers) and (how to make up missed fasts- sickness and all else)

Confused about your case? Contact a knowledgabe Mufti (try calling up on the Ask the Sheikh programmes on Eman Channel, or similar.)

The Sunnan of Fasting

1. The sahoor and iftaar should be done with the family. If the family is not available then one should make an effort to never break the fast alone.

2. To hurry up with breaking the iftaar—not to delay it. But the sahoor can be delayed right up until the time for Fajr enters.

3. To break the fast with dates, or at least 3 sips of water.

4. To make dua’ of breaking the fast. (“Dhahaba al-zamau’a, wa abtallat al-‘urooq wa thabata al-ajr insha Allah (Thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is assured, if Allaah wills).” see Arabic below )

break the fasting dua

5. To increase in acts of ibada (recitation of the Quran) and this should continue after the month of Ramadan has passed.

6. To give more sadaqa (charity).

7. To offer the tahajud prayers and the tarrawih prayers (in congregation).

8. To feed other Muslims, even if they are not needy—meaning to invite people to your house for the iftaar. In fact, when you invite people the host receives the reward that his guest earned on that day (while the guest retains his own reward). This is true even for the one who finances an iftaar, or one who prepares the food.

The Makrooh (hated things) of Fasting

1. To be excessive in rinsing with water, during wudu or other times. Having too much water in the mouth might cause a person to swallow some.

2. To unnecessarily taste food. There cannot be any swallowing and the tongue should be cleaned of any residual taste.

3. Kissing your spouse.

4. To sexually excite/touch your spouse.

5. To lie, to make ghiba (back biting), to do nameema (telling lies to cause two parties to fight). In fact, those who practice nameema do not enter paradise with the first set of Muslims.

6. To not pray the tarrawih or tahajjud in the last 10 days.

What are some the Voluntary Fasts that one may do?

1. The fast of the Prophet Dawood (peace be upon him) was mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as the best. It includes one day of fasting and one day of resting, continuously.
2. The best months for fasting include: Sha’ban, Muharram, Ramadan,Dhul Hijja.
3. The 13th, 14th & 15th of every Islamic month. The reward of fasting these three days is like having fasted an entire year.
4. Mondays and Thursdays—for these are the two days that the angels rise and descend with your deeds; i.e. the gates of heaven are open.(This refers to Maghrib time)

5. The 9th day of Dhul Hijja (for the ones not performing the hajj).This is the day of Arafat and fasting on this day ensures that the minor sins for the previous year and the coming year are forgiven.

Allah knows best!

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May Allah make this benefit us, and this advice is to us before it is to you our beloved readers.

May Allah allow us to succeed this Ramadan and may He forgive us for He is the Oft-Forgiving, The Forbearing! May Allah forgive us for any errors in this and grant us correctness. Wasallallahu alaa nabiyina Muhammad.Amin

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Muslim Youth Club and Kids Activities- Grays, TF Institute

Youth club and arts- Fridays at TF Education

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EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK 2021- EID UL ADHAA 1442AH 20th Jul2021 (males and females welcome) updated MORE LOCATIONS- GRAYS, TILBURY, OCKENDON, BASILDON, C100


EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK 2021- EID UL ADHAA 1442AH 20th Jul2021 (males and females welcome)

(males and females welcome)


Asalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh!

EID MUBARAK!

Taqaballallaahu minaa wa minkum! May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you. ameen

(Adhere to covid19 guidelines- masks, own mats, bags, wash hands. Wudu from home)

EID PRAYERS IN GRAYS and surrounding areas ** SEE BELOW

We are still witnessing the best 10 days of the year, Alhamdulillah. Allah, The Self-Sufficient, The Most Generous, has honoured us with Islam and Iman, and before us we have a magnificent festival, Eid-ul-Adha, The festival of Sacrifice, on the 10th day of this sacred month of Dhul-Hijjah 1442. Let us congratulate one another on this joyous occasion.

May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you. ameen

ALERT -GRAYS /THURROCK EID PRAYER ANNOUNCEMENT BELOW*:

GRAYS MOSQUE EID PRAYER MEN and women

IMPORTANT- EID PRAYER ANNOUNCEMENT 10 DHUL HIJJAH 1442

EID PRAYER TO BE HELD AT GRAYS MOSQUE IN SHA ALLAH,  

There will be only one jamat for Eid al Adha prayers. It will be held in the park for the brothers and sisters will pray inside the masjid,

Eid Jamath time: 10am, Tuesday, 20th of July 2021.

DIRECTIONS: Grays Mosque (Thurrock Islamic Education & Cultural Association), Park Way Centre, Park Road, Thurrock, Grays, Essex, RM17 6RB (minutes walk away from Morrisons shopping centre and Grays train/bus station.)

ALTERNATIVE EID ARRANGEMENTS- WOMEN INCLUDED, THURROCK AND SURROUNDING AREAS

Basildon Eid prayer and funfair

WOMEN can attend other congregations (so can men who don’t get a space in Mosque), SEPARATE FACILITIES IN SHA ALLAH. 

EID AT STIFFORD HOTEL

Eid Jamath: 9am, Stifford Hotel, High Rd, Grays, RM16 5UE.

Please pay for parking upon arrival

Tilbury Masjid(RM18 8LJ)

Eid 1st Jamat- 8.00am
Eid 2nd Jamat- 9.30 am
Eid 3rd jamat- 11.00am

Men only, EID PRAYER OCKENDON

Assalamu Alaikum

Eid Prayer in Ockendon

At 73 Deveron Garden,
RM15 5ET (Outdoor, In Garden)

Eid Salah time: 9:30am
Free parking
Facility for brothers only

Thanks to taleeminstitute.com

IMPORTANT:

Please take a few moments for the sake of Allah to discover the obligations, sunnahs and etiquettes of Eid-ul-adhaa:

The etiquettes of Eid, the takbeer etc.

Udhiyah- animal of an’aam class (either sheep,camel, cow etc.) offered as a sacrifice as an act of worship to Allah, The Self-Sufficient Provider.

HOW TO PRAY EID PRAYER HERE

Some top tips (see above links for references from Qur’an and sunnah):

1- Do make an arrangement immediately to offer the udhiyah, if you have not done so already. You can do it with various Islamic charities in the UK, in sha Allah. Let us offer sacrificial animals in obedience to Allah, following the way of His final prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. Let’s share this bounty with our brothers and sisters around the world, in sha Allah!

2- Keep pronouncing the Takbeer, this is a great Sunnah! Remind each other! (starts on 1st Dhul Hijjah until sunset on the last of the days of Tashreeq, i.e. 13th Dhul Hijjah. Also read the takbeer after the obligatory prayers, starting from after Fajr on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah to after Asr on 13th of Dhul Hijjah.)

The Takbeer is:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu Akbar, laa ilaha illAllah, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa lillaahilHamd. (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, There is no true god worthy of worship, except Allah. Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great and all praise be to Allah.)

الله اكبر، الله اكبر، الله اكبر، لا إله الا الله، الله اكبر، الله اكبر، ولله الحمد

3-Have ghusl in the morning before going out to pray

4- If possible, make an effort to delay eating until after the Eid salah and eat from the udhiyah if you offered a sacrifice.

5- Men should go out wearing their finest clothes, perfume etc.When going out or in the presence of non-mahram men, women should avoid perfume. Women can wear their fine clothes so long as it is concealed by a full and complete, unadorned Hijab. When in female only environments, or among their mahram relatives, women may adorn themselves appropriately. My dear readers, let us remind ourselves that obedience to Allah takes precedence over all else.

6- Pray the Eid prayer in congregation

7- Congratulate one another! Taqabbal Allahu minnaa wa minkum (May Allah accept (the fast and worship) from us and from you)

8- Go out to pray one route, and return by another. Check out the links above for more!

9-Keep up with the abundant dhikr, this last of the ten best days of the year!!!

say: Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, wa laa ilaha illAllah, wallahuakbar!

Let’s send salutations on the final prophet of Allah, Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wasallam!

Jazakallah khair everyone who helped organise, and those who informed us, May Allah elevate you  us and our families.

Pray for us and share for the sake of Allah!

May Allah forgive us, for He is the Perpetual Forgiver and may Allah guide us to unite upon belief in His Oneness. Allahumma salli wasallim alaa nabiyinaa muhammad salllallahu alayhi wasallam. ameen

Thurrock Muslim Community

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Contact us and stay connected by signing up:

Want to JOIN LOCAL WHATSAPP GROUPS? drop us a line, your number and name

special thanks to travellink.co.uk

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EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK 2021- EID UL ADHAA 1442AH 20th Jul2021 (males and females welcome)


EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK 2021- EID UL ADHAA 1442AH 20th Jul2021 (males and females welcome)

(males and females welcome)


Asalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh!

EID MUBARAK!

Taqaballallaahu minaa wa minkum! May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you. ameen

(Adhere to covid19 guidelines- masks, own mats, bags, wash hands. Wudu from home)

EID PRAYERS IN GRAYS and surrounding areas ** SEE BELOW

We are still witnessing the best 10 days of the year, Alhamdulillah. Allah, The Self-Sufficient, The Most Generous, has honoured us with Islam and Iman, and before us we have a magnificent festival, Eid-ul-Adha, The festival of Sacrifice, on the 10th day of this sacred month of Dhul-Hijjah 1442. Let us congratulate one another on this joyous occasion.

May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you. ameen

ALERT -GRAYS /THURROCK EID PRAYER ANNOUNCEMENT BELOW*:

GRAYS MOSQUE EID PRAYER MEN and women

IMPORTANT- EID PRAYER ANNOUNCEMENT 10 DHUL HIJJAH 1442

EID PRAYER TO BE HELD AT GRAYS MOSQUE IN SHA ALLAH,  

There will be only one jamat for Eid al Adha prayers. It will be held in the park for the brothers and sisters will pray inside the masjid,

Eid Jamath time: 10am, Tuesday, 20th of July 2021.

DIRECTIONS: Grays Mosque (Thurrock Islamic Education & Cultural Association), Park Way Centre, Park Road, Thurrock, Grays, Essex, RM17 6RB (minutes walk away from Morrisons shopping centre and Grays train/bus station.)

ALTERNATIVE EID ARRANGEMENTS- WOMEN INCLUDED, THURROCK AND SURROUNDING AREAS

Basildon Eid prayer and funfair

WOMEN can attend other congregations (so can men who don’t get a space in Mosque), SEPARATE FACILITIES IN SHA ALLAH. 

Men only, EID PRAYER OCKENDON

Assalamu Alaikum

Eid Prayer in Ockendon

At 73 Deveron Garden,
RM15 5ET (Outdoor, In Garden)

Eid Salah time: 9:30am
Free parking
Facility for brothers only

Thanks to taleeminstitute.com

IMPORTANT:

Please take a few moments for the sake of Allah to discover the obligations, sunnahs and etiquettes of Eid-ul-adhaa:

The etiquettes of Eid, the takbeer etc.

Udhiyah- animal of an’aam class (either sheep,camel, cow etc.) offered as a sacrifice as an act of worship to Allah, The Self-Sufficient Provider.

HOW TO PRAY EID PRAYER HERE

Some top tips (see above links for references from Qur’an and sunnah):

1- Do make an arrangement immediately to offer the udhiyah, if you have not done so already. You can do it with various Islamic charities in the UK, in sha Allah. Let us offer sacrificial animals in obedience to Allah, following the way of His final prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. Let’s share this bounty with our brothers and sisters around the world, in sha Allah!

2- Keep pronouncing the Takbeer, this is a great Sunnah! Remind each other! (starts on 1st Dhul Hijjah until sunset on the last of the days of Tashreeq, i.e. 13th Dhul Hijjah. Also read the takbeer after the obligatory prayers, starting from after Fajr on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah to after Asr on 13th of Dhul Hijjah.)

The Takbeer is:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu Akbar, laa ilaha illAllah, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa lillaahilHamd. (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, There is no true god worthy of worship, except Allah. Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great and all praise be to Allah.)

الله اكبر، الله اكبر، الله اكبر، لا إله الا الله، الله اكبر، الله اكبر، ولله الحمد

3-Have ghusl in the morning before going out to pray

4- If possible, make an effort to delay eating until after the Eid salah and eat from the udhiyah if you offered a sacrifice.

5- Men should go out wearing their finest clothes, perfume etc.When going out or in the presence of non-mahram men, women should avoid perfume. Women can wear their fine clothes so long as it is concealed by a full and complete, unadorned Hijab. When in female only environments, or among their mahram relatives, women may adorn themselves appropriately. My dear readers, let us remind ourselves that obedience to Allah takes precedence over all else.

6- Pray the Eid prayer in congregation

7- Congratulate one another! Taqabbal Allahu minnaa wa minkum (May Allah accept (the fast and worship) from us and from you)

8- Go out to pray one route, and return by another. Check out the links above for more!

9-Keep up with the abundant dhikr, this last of the ten best days of the year!!!

say: Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, wa laa ilaha illAllah, wallahuakbar!

Let’s send salutations on the final prophet of Allah, Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wasallam!

Jazakallah khair everyone who helped organise, and those who informed us, May Allah elevate you  us and our families.

Pray for us and share for the sake of Allah!

May Allah forgive us, for He is the Perpetual Forgiver and may Allah guide us to unite upon belief in His Oneness. Allahumma salli wasallim alaa nabiyinaa muhammad salllallahu alayhi wasallam. ameen

Thurrock Muslim Community

ThurrockMuslims.com

Contact us and stay connected by signing up:

Want to JOIN LOCAL WHATSAPP GROUPS? drop us a line, your number and name

special thanks to travellink.co.uk

Continue reading

SUMMER SCHOOL & FUN 2021 FOR YOUR KIDS- THURROCK

✅With the grace of Allah, we are extremely proud and excited to welcome you all back to our SUMMER SCHOOL OF FUN

✅We are set and ready to welcome all of our students and wider community to our super fun and educational summer school, New location will be sent upon registration

✅Registration is required through our link below. Whoever wants to enrol in Summer School, must fill up the registration form.

✅Please see the poster for more information and timetable

Taleem Institute Management

PLEASE CONTACT THE INDEPENDENT ORGANISER ABOVE FOR SUMMER SCHOOL ENQUIRIES.

Jazakallah

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Thurrock Muslim Community

NOW’S THE TIME! – Fasting in SHAWWAL after Ramadan


NOW’S THE TIME! – Fasting in SHAWWAL after Ramadan


Asalamu ‘alaykum!

Let’s draw near to Allah with obligatory and voluntary acts of worship! Let us follow the Sunnah of The Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him with sincerity and be of those Allah loves and forgives!



olives n breadPerhaps we’ve slacked a little on our Qur’an recitation regime…

Perhaps we’re not praying much optional prayers…

Perhaps we’ve fallen into the same bad habits pre-Ramadan…

Feeling regretful? That’s the first step to change. Let us acknowledge our faults, and seek Allah’s forgiveness. Let us resolve to change for the better.

WE STILL HAVE A CHANCE!

Let’s revive the Ramadan atmosphere by increasing our ibadah, by quality and quantity in sha Allah!

Let’s make a positive difference!


Top Tips to revive our iman (faith, in statement and action) after Ramadan


  1. Let us make more istighfar, seek Allah’s forgiveness, saying Astaghfirullah, SubhanAllahi wabihamdi, Astaghfirullaha wa atoobo ilayhi, and this amazing dua called sayyid al istighfar you MUST learn (click here!)
  2. Strive to pray the five prayers on time
  3. Strive to spend in charity
  4. Do good and remind others to do good and keep away from and forbid evil, trying hard to practice what we preach.
  5. Read more Qur’an at least a page or so a day, try to read some tafsir or translation too.
  6. Have good character/perfecting it
  7. Make someone smile : )
  8. More remembrance of Allah, subhanaAllah, walhamdulillah, wallahuakbar, wa la ilaha ilallah! Because it’s all about Allah Who is Al-Wahid, alone!
  9. Do sunnah acts, optional prayers
  10. Fast 6 days of Shawwal! Here’s an awesome opportunity…

Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who observes As-Saum (the fasts) in the month of Ramadan, and also observes As-Saum for six days in the month of Shawwal, it is as if he has observed As-Saum for the whole year.”

[Muslim].

Subhanallah, WOW! : o

Narrated Abu Ayyub:

The Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: If anyone fasts during Ramadan, then follows it with six days in Shawwal, it will be like a perpetual fast. 

Reference : Sunan Abi Dawud 2433, sahih Al-Albani

ALLAHUAKBAR!

Don’t forget to make up what you owe of this Ramadan first (if any obligatory ones are outstanding e.g. ladies during their days off -menses etc.). Let’s complete Ramadan before following it with the Shawwal fasts, in sha Allah)

What an amazing sunnah, let’s try to fulfil this in sha Allah and tell others too, for the sake of Allah. Alhamdulillah. May Allah grant us the ability to serve Him according to Qur’an and Sunnah,with sincerity and sound intentions. wasallallahu ala nabiyinaa Muhammad. ameen ya Rab al alameen!

By the way this is a reminder to me before it is to you, so do comment below on anything you may want to add! May Allah forgive us for any errors! ameen

With love for the sake of Allah

Thurrock Muslims

About/disclaimer

GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Thurrock Muslims -Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


GET READY FOR RAMADAN 1442AH

Ramadaan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


Share this vital information with others! https://wp.me/p4GU3D-Cz

Let’s get ready for Ramadan in obedience to our Most Merciful Rabb, Allah!

It is hoped this will inform us of the primary reasons we fast, what is required of us and what to hope for.

May Allah, The Supreme Creator, permit us to fast for none but Him alone, may He reward us for our endeavours, and may He permit us to strive to avoid that which nullifies the fast, and strive to adhere to what maintains and perfects it, in accordance with the teachings of His final prophet peace be upon him.  Ameen.

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy medical professional) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

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Fiqh of Fasting – Part 7  (adapted mainly from Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim with notes from others)

Summary of Siyam (Fasting) Essentials

What is the meaning of “Siyam?”

The word “siyam” comes from the root word “sowm,” which means “to abstain from.”

Did Muslims fast before 2 A.H.?

Yes, in fact the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast on various days, including:

1. Day of Ashura (the exodus) when Allah delivered Musa sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and the Muslims of that time from the evil of Pharaoh. The Prophet (upon him be peace) taught us to fast two days—either the day before or after plus the actual day of Ashura.

2. On the day of Arafat, if not making Hajj

3. The first 9 Days of dhul-Hijjah

4. Mondays & Thursdays through out the year

5. The middle three days of each lunar month (13th, 14th & 15th) when he moon is at its brightest

6. There are some proofs by way of Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast before the prophethood—but we do not know the exact days.

Why was Siyam ordered?

The answer to this question lies only with Allah. However, we can find that there are many benefits and bits of wisdom behind this pious and sincere act.

1. Increases one’s Taqwa (remembrance of Allah in daily affairs), as is stated in the Quran: Surah Baqara verse 183.

2. Trains the body, mind and spirit to bear hardships while remaining patient.

3. Trains the body, mind and spirit to hold back from the natural desires of the human: food, drink, anger, lust, etc.

4. To help one understand what the impoverished go though.

What is the importance of the month of Ramadan?

This is the month in which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. This is the month where every dua’ reaches Allah. This is the month where the Muslims are protected from the evil whisperings of the shayateen. This is the month where one plants the seeds of worship, the seeds of taqwa in the earth and harvests the good deeds for sustenance throughout the year. And most importantly, this is the month in which the Quran was revealed—more specifically, on the night of Lailat-ul-Qadr.

Who must fast?

1. One who is Muslim
2. One who has Aql (mental faculties are sound and understands the responsibility of fasting)
3. One who has reached the age of puberty (signs include: growth of pubic hair or nocturnal emissions, emitting maniy, or reaching 15 years of age, occurrence of menses)
4. One who is Kaadir (able to maintain the fast)

What is the requirement for the fast?

Very simply, the fast begins with the niya (intention-this need not be verbal, rather intention resides in the heart)—this is a pre Requisite/ Shart—and then refraining from food, drink and things that break the fast, until the time for Maghrib has arrived.

It must be noted by the reader that one cannot just wake up in the morning and proclaim his fast for that day. This was only allowed for the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam. Rather, for the followers, there needs to be mental recognition of the fast BEFORE FAJR in other than the month of Ramadan.

What breaks the fast?

1. Eating

2. Drinking

3. Sexual relations/intimate acts of any type that leads to male or female sexual discharge,

4. Haid (menstrual bleeding)

5. Nifas (post natal bleeding)

6. Intentional vomiting

7. Needles that give you nourishment

For further clarification on some issues:

a. Blood testing is okay

b. If one needs to take Insulin then that person cannot fast

c. Using the puffer for asthma patients is okay—the respiratory type only.

(in sha Allah, see more detailed article on things which nullify the fast)
What happens if a couple has intimate relations during the fast?

• If the couple have intercourse intentionally then they have to make up that day and they have to fast 60 days consecutively, or if unable feed 60 people or Kafarah

What is Kafarah?

This is given only as expiation for sexual infractions during the fast. There are three methods of expiation:

1. Freeing of a slave

2. Fast for 60 consecutive days. If one day is missed then you would start from the beginning again

3. If you are unable to fast, for a legitimate reason (sick, old,etc.) then you may feed 60 miskeen (poor) people. They have to be Muslim people and it can happen on one day as a feast. Also, one can just give the money to feed 60 people. This is considered a debt for that person and they should fulfil it before their death. If they do die then the relatives can either fast for them or feed the miskeen.

What about those that cannot fast, but are of age?

Of those who are excused from the fast are those who have a long-term sickness, the pregnant woman, the woman who is breast-feeding and the traveller. For the traveller, the fast is to be made up. But for the others, they are to pay the Fidya (please note, there is a scholarly difference of opinion regarding who can pay fidyah instead of making up fasts- please consult a scholar for your own case, see the links below). Fidya is to pay for a meal for one miskeen person for everyday that is missed. Like the Kafarah, one can arrange to give 30 days worth of money at one time, or arrange a feast for 30 miskeen people on one day.

PLEASE NOTE however, regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sickness, please ask a highly knowledge Islamic scholar for individual cases. see this and this-is fidyah enough for pregnant women/sick people or not & should they make up the fast?) . Regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sick people whose illness goes away and making up missed fasts, see these (who is exempt) and (how to make up fasts for ladies/mothers) and (how to make up missed fasts- sickness and all else)

Confused about your case? Contact a knowledgabe Mufti (try calling up on the Ask the Sheikh programmes on Eman Channel, or similar.)

The Sunnan of Fasting

1. The sahoor and iftaar should be done with the family. If the family is not available then one should make an effort to never break the fast alone.

2. To hurry up with breaking the iftaar—not to delay it. But the sahoor can be delayed right up until the time for Fajr enters.

3. To break the fast with dates, or at least 3 sips of water.

4. To make dua’ of breaking the fast. (“Dhahaba al-zamau’a, wa abtallat al-‘urooq wa thabata al-ajr insha Allah (Thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is assured, if Allaah wills).” see Arabic below )

break the fasting dua

5. To increase in acts of ibada (recitation of the Quran) and this should continue after the month of Ramadan has passed.

6. To give more sadaqa (charity).

7. To offer the tahajud prayers and the tarrawih prayers (in congregation).

8. To feed other Muslims, even if they are not needy—meaning to invite people to your house for the iftaar. In fact, when you invite people the host receives the reward that his guest earned on that day (while the guest retains his own reward). This is true even for the one who finances an iftaar, or one who prepares the food.

The Makrooh (hated things) of Fasting

1. To be excessive in rinsing with water, during wudu or other times. Having too much water in the mouth might cause a person to swallow some.

2. To unnecessarily taste food. There cannot be any swallowing and the tongue should be cleaned of any residual taste.

3. Kissing your spouse.

4. To sexually excite/touch your spouse.

5. To lie, to make ghiba (back biting), to do nameema (telling lies to cause two parties to fight). In fact, those who practice nameema do not enter paradise with the first set of Muslims.

6. To not pray the tarrawih or tahajjud in the last 10 days.

What are some the Voluntary Fasts that one may do?

1. The fast of the Prophet Dawood (peace be upon him) was mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as the best. It includes one day of fasting and one day of resting, continuously.
2. The best months for fasting include: Sha’ban, Muharram, Ramadan,Dhul Hijja.
3. The 13th, 14th & 15th of every Islamic month. The reward of fasting these three days is like having fasted an entire year.
4. Mondays and Thursdays—for these are the two days that the angels rise and descend with your deeds; i.e. the gates of heaven are open.(This refers to Maghrib time)

5. The 9th day of Dhul Hijja (for the ones not performing the hajj).This is the day of Arafat and fasting on this day ensures that the minor sins for the previous year and the coming year are forgiven.

Allah knows best!

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May Allah make this benefit us, and this advice is to us before it is to you our beloved readers.

May Allah allow us to succeed this Ramadan and may He forgive us for He is the Oft-Forgiving, The Forbearing! May Allah forgive us for any errors in this and grant us correctness. Wasallallahu alaa nabiyina Muhammad.Amin

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