EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK 2020- EID UL ADHAA 1441AH 31st Jul2020 (males and females welcome) covid19 rules apply


EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK – EID UL ADHAA 1441AH – 31st July 2020

(males and females welcome)


Asalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh!

EID MUBARAK!

Taqaballallaahu minaa wa minkum! May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you. ameen

EID PRAYERS IN GRAYS and surrounding areas ** SEE BELOW

We are still witnessing the best 10 days of the year, Alhamdulillah. Allah, The Self-Sufficient, The Most Generous, has honoured us with Islam and Iman, and before us we have a magnificent festival, Eid-ul-Adha, The festival of Sacrifice, on the 10th day of this sacred month of Dhul-Hijjah 1441. Let us congratulate one another on this joyous occasion.

May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you. ameen

ALERT -GRAYS /THURROCK EID PRAYER ANNOUNCEMENT BELOW*:

GRAYS MOSQUE EID PRAYER MEN ONLY

IMPORTANT- EID PRAYER ANNOUNCEMENT 10 DHUL HIJJAH 1441/ Friday 31st July 2020

EID PRAYER TO BE HELD AT GRAYS MOSQUE IN SHA ALLAH,  for MEN ONLY – operating a ticket system.


Grays Mosque Eid Prayer timetables and Only Can attend who received Token. 
*7.45am, 8.15am, 9.00am,*
*9.45am, 10.30am, 11.15am*

DIRECTIONS: Grays Mosque (Thurrock Islamic Education & Cultural Association), Park Way Centre, Park Road, Thurrock, Grays, Essex, RM17 6RB (minutes walk away from Morrisons shopping centre and Grays train/bus station.)

ALTERNATIVE EID ARRANGEMENTS- WOMEN INCLUDED, THURROCK AND SURROUNDING AREAS

WOMEN can attend other congregations (so can men who don’t get a space in Mosque), SEPARATE FACILITIES IN SHA ALLAH. 

*Grays Eid Prayer information *

*Bro R has booked the Stifford Hall Hotel (where eid Salat is usually held). Eid prayer will be held outside in the garden area.*

*Please kindly follow the rules*
✅Register online 
✅Wear a face mask 
✅Bring your own prayer mat 
✅Keep at a distance of 2 metres
✅*Registration form below*

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeFfCNleWrKYGj1XL2Oj2rX3P-SC93xnIb6fH2vZM0g78loUg/viewform?usp=pp_url REGISTER AT THIS LINK FOR TRACK AND TRACE PURPOSES.

*Date & Time:*
Friday 31st July 2020
*8.45am for 9am start* 

*Eid Prayer Venue*
Stifford Hall Hotel, High Road
North Stifford, Grays, RM16 5UE 

*YOU HAVE TO PAY FOR YOUR PARKING ON THE DAY*

paybyphone – call the number below and follow the instructions on the day to book your parking.

Telephone No: 0330 400 7275
Location Number: 801412
Cost: £3.20

✅✅✅✅✅✅✅✅✅

Wishing you and your families a fruitful and prodcutive remainder of the best 10 days of the year. 

( more Eid prayer options- Aveley Muslim group- Thurrock Muslim Parents Society group)

Assalamu Alaikum

Aveley Cultural Society will be having two Eid Jammah, one at 8am and the second at 9am insha’Allah.

There will be following the guidelines for Covid-19, which means the following will apply:

1) There will be a limit of 50 people in each Jammah with social distancing and you will need to register. Registration details will be provided after this message. (contact the Thurrock Muslim parents group)

2) No one under the age of *12* , also those over the age of *70* and with *underlying health conditions* are advised not to attend and will not be allowed in.

3) You *MUST* come with wudhu and bring your own prayer mats and a bag for your shoes. 

 *YOU* will be required to use hand gel as you enter and leave.

4) We encourage those that are attending the first Jammah to arrive at 8am

5) We will have a one way system in and out and you will be directed on your way out.

Please respect these guidelines in order for us to be able to provide the smooth running of Eid Salah.

The address is Aveley Public Hall, Purfleet Road, Aveley, Essex, RM15 4DJ

IMPORTANT:

Please take a few moments for the sake of Allah to discover the obligations, sunnahs and etiquettes of Eid-ul-adhaa:

The etiquettes of Eid, the takbeer etc.

Udhiyah- animal of an’aam class (either sheep,camel, cow etc.) offered as a sacrifice as an act of worship to Allah, The Self-Sufficient Provider.

HOW TO PRAY EID PRAYER HERE

Some top tips (see above links for references from Qur’an and sunnah):

1- Do make an arrangement immediately to offer the udhiyah, if you have not done so already. You can do it with various Islamic charities in the UK, in sha Allah. Let us offer sacrificial animals in obedience to Allah, following the way of His final prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. Let’s share this bounty with our brothers and sisters around the world, in sha Allah!

2- Keep pronouncing the Takbeer, this is a great Sunnah! Remind each other! (starts on 1st Dhul Hijjah until sunset on the last of the days of Tashreeq, i.e. 13th Dhul Hijjah. Also read the takbeer after the obligatory prayers, starting from after Fajr on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah to after Asr on 13th of Dhul Hijjah.)

The Takbeer is:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu Akbar, laa ilaha illAllah, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa lillaahilHamd. (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, There is no true god worthy of worship, except Allah. Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great and all praise be to Allah.)

الله اكبر، الله اكبر، الله اكبر، لا إله الا الله، الله اكبر، الله اكبر، ولله الحمد

3-Have ghusl in the morning before going out to pray

4- If possible, make an effort to delay eating until after the Eid salah and eat from the udhiyah if you offered a sacrifice.

5- Men should go out wearing their finest clothes, perfume etc.When going out or in the presence of non-mahram men, women should avoid perfume. Women can wear their fine clothes so long as it is concealed by a full and complete, unadorned Hijab. When in female only environments, or among their mahram relatives, women may adorn themselves appropriately. My dear readers, let us remind ourselves that obedience to Allah takes precedence over all else.

6- Pray the Eid prayer in congregation

7- Congratulate one another! Taqabbal Allahu minnaa wa minkum (May Allah accept (the fast and worship) from us and from you)

8- Go out to pray one route, and return by another. Check out the links above for more!

9-Keep up with the abundant dhikr, this last of the ten best days of the year!!!

say: Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, wa laa ilaha illAllah, wallahuakbar!

Let’s send salutations on the final prophet of Allah, Muhammad Sallallahu alayhi wasallam!

Jazakallah khair everyone who helped organise, and those who informed us, May Allah elevate you  us and our families.

Pray for us and share for the sake of Allah!

May Allah forgive us, for He is the Perpetual Forgiver and may Allah guide us to unite upon belief in His Oneness. Allahumma salli wasallim alaa nabiyinaa muhammad salllallahu alayhi wasallam. ameen

Thurrock Muslim Community

ThurrockMuslims.com

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Continue reading “EID PRAYER GRAYS MOSQUE/THURROCK 2020- EID UL ADHAA 1441AH 31st Jul2020 (males and females welcome) covid19 rules apply”

Covid-19 Reflections- Time

In the name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.

Assalaamu’ alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Dear Community,

Let us think about how we have used our time during our entire life up till today.

Crisis or not. How near are our hearts to the remembrance of Allah? Most definitely it is time to increase in prayer and seeking forgiveness from Allah.

Allah warns us in Surat Al-Asr (Quran, 103:1-3)

“By time,

Indeed, mankind is in loss,

Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.”

Utilising our time wisely will be a worthy investment in both dunya and akhirah. Thus we must purify our intentions and dedicate our efforts in the cause of Allah. No matter what our situation, age and health status we should be optimistic and do what we can even taking inspiration from others facing the same.

Let us ponder upon the advice of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the Sahih Hadith:

On the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) took me by the shoulder and said, “Be in this world as though you were a stranger or a wayfarer.” And Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to say, “In the evening do not expect [to live until] the morning, and in the morning do not expect [to live until] the evening. Take [advantage of] your health before times of sickness, and [take advantage of] your life before your death.” [Al-Bukhari]

So before we lose that we take for granted, may Allah help us to utilise our time, wealth before poverty, youth before old age, health before sickness and life before death. Ameen.

Thanks for stopping by to read.

Take Care,

Thurrock Muslims

Covid-19 Reflections- Selflessness

In the name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.

Assalaamu’ alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Dear Community,

I’ve been thinking about how the Coronavirus pandemic can teach us many lessons about our faith and values. Our strengths, weaknesses and capabilities as humans.

As the crisis unfolded in a bid for survival we humans reacted in various ways, some panicked while others kept calm. Then came mass hysteria which resulted in a lot of panic buying. Stockpiling by some led to more panic by the rest, flocking to stores, shortages of shelf stock and hiking of prices by some retailers. A truly bizarre and thought provoking situation.

Thankfully most of us came to our senses and started considering our fellow population.

Allah The Most Merciful knows His creation better than we know ourselves. It is only natural we should be merciful to one another as reported in the Hadiths of Sahih Bukhari and Muslim:

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Allah has divided mercy into one hundred parts; and He retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and sent down to earth one part. Through this one part creatures deal with one another with compassion, so much so that an animal lifts its hoof over its young lest it should hurt it”.

Sadly despite this calamity it has not brought out the best of humanity in certain shameless opportunists. Please be careful of manipulative scams and take care against thieves and con artists particularly online.

May Allah guide us and make us kind to our fellow humans. Ameen.

Now, it is time we asked ourselves how we reacted and if it was a good way to react. To remind ourselves to be faithful, that everything is in the Hands of Allah, namely life, death, gain and loss. Wealth and poverty can be tough tests of life. But Materialism, greed, selfishness can skew our perception of reality.

Allah warns us in Surah Al Humazah (Qur’an 104:3)

He thinks that His wealth will make him immortal..”

Inevitably we shall all return to Allah and we must pray to be taken in a state of imaan. We must remember that Allah is Ar-Razaq (The One Who Provides) as He tells us in Surah Adh-Dhaariyat (Qur’an, 51:58):

 Verily, Allah is the All-provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.

Allah is free of need and the Only One that can save us.

Humanity needs one another, a totally self-centred mentality is actually quite self-defeating. Mankind heavily depends on social and physical interactions to stay sane. Having said this, there are boundaries and limits Allah has set out for us to which we must respect in order to thrive. This social distancing is quite refreshing at a time when personal space boundaries have been eroded to near extinction!

Here are some of the small kindnesses that we can do to help others:

> giving within your means

> giving with an open heart

> shopping responsibly (it has been a while since the shopping frenzies and congrats to the supermarkets for responding well to encourage consideration).

> wash hands and maintain personal hygiene (high time a large portion of us should be washing hands after basic human functions)

>share, volunteer, help the elderly/pregnant women/vulnerable groups of people. (Cook food or do groceries, give positive comforting advice.)

>If you have children get them involved as part of their home-schooling to teach them good Islamic character and looking after neighbours… someone’s got to break the ice no?

>heed government advice as much as possible. Stay safe, stay at home. Isolate if needed.

Life under lockdown as restrictive as it can be, is proving necessary to protect the NHS and the population. Many people can be asymptomatic so it is crucial to keep your distance and limit contact to protect the vulnerable such as the elderly, pre/postnatal women, mothers with young children and those with weakened immune systems . In fact everyone should be cautious as we have seen even the healthy and all age groups are susceptible.

Muhammad Rasool Allah (peace be upon him) set us the best example. Let us follow and treat this minor hardship with patience, seeking reward from Allah. Let us maintain social distance to protect others without differentiating their background. Remember Surah Al Maaida (Qur’an 5:32):

“And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind.

Now it’s time to look at myself and see where I am on this scale of selflessness and how to improve, maybe its time for you to evaluate yourself too.

Take care and please share the word.

Thurrock Muslims.

Covid-19 Reflections- Forgiveness

In the name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.

Assalaamu’ alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Dear Community,

Recently mankind has been gripped by a global pandemic, the coronavirus Covid-19. As it stands thousands have been affected, thousands deceased and thousands are at risk.

As Muslims we understand that Allah created life with a purpose (for us to worship only Him) and we shall eventually return to Him. Therefore it is incumbent upon us to assess and amend our current ways from one of heedlessness, disobedience and unaccountability to one of virtue, honesty and sincerity.

Allah The Almighty tells us in the Qur’an chapter 67 (Surah Al- Mulk) verse1-2:

“Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is Able to do all things.

Who has created death and life that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving..”

Allah Glory be to Him is All Knowing and has power over everything. He knows what has, does and will happen and why.

Here is our wake up call. A blessing in disguise.

This is our chance to seek Allah’s forgiveness, follow His guidance and share the message of peace and submission to Allah. This is our chance for self-improvement, enjoining good and forbidding evil. We have long been complacent about the ill doings of society and often very much a part of it ourselves. It is time to leave ignorance and immorality behind and start living the way Allah wants us to.

Sincere repentance requires us to stop wrongdoing, to beg Allah’s pardon, do good and keep it going. We must purify our intention and do everything out of obedience to Allah.

Sadaqa averts calamity so give charity, particularly to our close community, relatives and especially to our displaced brothers and sisters of war torn poverty stricken lands. Now is the time to be the kind stranger and bring our nation together. We have a duty.

This is a reminder to myself more than anything and to share with the ummah in general for the sake of Allah, as Allah says in the Qur’an Chapter 51 Surah Adh-Dhariyat verse 55:

And remind, for indeed, the reminder benefits the believers.

We too are imperfect fellow human beings. So may Allah forgive us and please let us forgive each other for our shortcomings.

Praise be to Allah. We ask Allah to bless us with good, have mercy on us and guide us to the Straight Path. Ameen.

Stay safe.

Thurrock Muslims

GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Thurrock Muslims -Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


GET READY FOR RAMADAN 1441AH

Ramadaan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


Share this vital information with others! https://wp.me/p4GU3D-Cz

Let’s get ready for Ramadan in obedience to our Most Merciful Rabb, Allah!

It is hoped this will inform us of the primary reasons we fast, what is required of us and what to hope for.

May Allah, The Supreme Creator, permit us to fast for none but Him alone, may He reward us for our endeavours, and may He permit us to strive to avoid that which nullifies the fast, and strive to adhere to what maintains and perfects it, in accordance with the teachings of His final prophet peace be upon him.  Ameen.

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy medical professional) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

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Fiqh of Fasting – Part 7  (adapted mainly from Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim with notes from others)

Summary of Siyam (Fasting) Essentials

What is the meaning of “Siyam?”

The word “siyam” comes from the root word “sowm,” which means “to abstain from.”

Did Muslims fast before 2 A.H.?

Yes, in fact the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast on various days, including:

1. Day of Ashura (the exodus) when Allah delivered Musa sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and the Muslims of that time from the evil of Pharaoh. The Prophet (upon him be peace) taught us to fast two days—either the day before or after plus the actual day of Ashura.

2. On the day of Arafat, if not making Hajj

3. The first 9 Days of dhul-Hijjah

4. Mondays & Thursdays through out the year

5. The middle three days of each lunar month (13th, 14th & 15th) when he moon is at its brightest

6. There are some proofs by way of Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast before the prophethood—but we do not know the exact days.

Why was Siyam ordered?

The answer to this question lies only with Allah. However, we can find that there are many benefits and bits of wisdom behind this pious and sincere act.

1. Increases one’s Taqwa (remembrance of Allah in daily affairs), as is stated in the Quran: Surah Baqara verse 183.

2. Trains the body, mind and spirit to bear hardships while remaining patient.

3. Trains the body, mind and spirit to hold back from the natural desires of the human: food, drink, anger, lust, etc.

4. To help one understand what the impoverished go though.

What is the importance of the month of Ramadan?

This is the month in which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. This is the month where every dua’ reaches Allah. This is the month where the Muslims are protected from the evil whisperings of the shayateen. This is the month where one plants the seeds of worship, the seeds of taqwa in the earth and harvests the good deeds for sustenance throughout the year. And most importantly, this is the month in which the Quran was revealed—more specifically, on the night of Lailat-ul-Qadr.

Who must fast?

1. One who is Muslim
2. One who has Aql (mental faculties are sound and understands the responsibility of fasting)
3. One who has reached the age of puberty (signs include: growth of pubic hair or nocturnal emissions, emitting maniy, or reaching 15 years of age, occurrence of menses)
4. One who is Kaadir (able to maintain the fast)

What is the requirement for the fast?

Very simply, the fast begins with the niya (intention-this need not be verbal, rather intention resides in the heart)—this is a pre Requisite/ Shart—and then refraining from food, drink and things that break the fast, until the time for Maghrib has arrived.

It must be noted by the reader that one cannot just wake up in the morning and proclaim his fast for that day. This was only allowed for the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam. Rather, for the followers, there needs to be mental recognition of the fast BEFORE FAJR in other than the month of Ramadan.

What breaks the fast?

1. Eating

2. Drinking

3. Sexual relations/intimate acts of any type that leads to male or female sexual discharge,

4. Haid (menstrual bleeding)

5. Nifas (post natal bleeding)

6. Intentional vomiting

7. Needles that give you nourishment

For further clarification on some issues:

a. Blood testing is okay

b. If one needs to take Insulin then that person cannot fast

c. Using the puffer for asthma patients is okay—the respiratory type only.

(in sha Allah, see more detailed article on things which nullify the fast)
What happens if a couple has intimate relations during the fast?

• If the couple have intercourse intentionally then they have to make up that day and they have to fast 60 days consecutively, or if unable feed 60 people or Kafarah

What is Kafarah?

This is given only as expiation for sexual infractions during the fast. There are three methods of expiation:

1. Freeing of a slave

2. Fast for 60 consecutive days. If one day is missed then you would start from the beginning again

3. If you are unable to fast, for a legitimate reason (sick, old,etc.) then you may feed 60 miskeen (poor) people. They have to be Muslim people and it can happen on one day as a feast. Also, one can just give the money to feed 60 people. This is considered a debt for that person and they should fulfil it before their death. If they do die then the relatives can either fast for them or feed the miskeen.

What about those that cannot fast, but are of age?

Of those who are excused from the fast are those who have a long-term sickness, the pregnant woman, the woman who is breast-feeding and the traveller. For the traveller, the fast is to be made up. But for the others, they are to pay the Fidya (please note, there is a scholarly difference of opinion regarding who can pay fidyah instead of making up fasts- please consult a scholar for your own case, see the links below). Fidya is to pay for a meal for one miskeen person for everyday that is missed. Like the Kafarah, one can arrange to give 30 days worth of money at one time, or arrange a feast for 30 miskeen people on one day.

PLEASE NOTE however, regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sickness, please ask a highly knowledge Islamic scholar for individual cases. see this and this-is fidyah enough for pregnant women/sick people or not & should they make up the fast?) . Regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sick people whose illness goes away and making up missed fasts, see these (who is exempt) and (how to make up fasts for ladies/mothers) and (how to make up missed fasts- sickness and all else)

Confused about your case? Contact a knowledgabe Mufti (try calling up on the Ask the Sheikh programmes on Eman Channel, or similar.)

The Sunnan of Fasting

1. The sahoor and iftaar should be done with the family. If the family is not available then one should make an effort to never break the fast alone.

2. To hurry up with breaking the iftaar—not to delay it. But the sahoor can be delayed right up until the time for Fajr enters.

3. To break the fast with dates, or at least 3 sips of water.

4. To make dua’ of breaking the fast. (“Dhahaba al-zamau’a, wa abtallat al-‘urooq wa thabata al-ajr insha Allah (Thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is assured, if Allaah wills).” see Arabic below )

break the fasting dua

5. To increase in acts of ibada (recitation of the Quran) and this should continue after the month of Ramadan has passed.

6. To give more sadaqa (charity).

7. To offer the tahajud prayers and the tarrawih prayers (in congregation).

8. To feed other Muslims, even if they are not needy—meaning to invite people to your house for the iftaar. In fact, when you invite people the host receives the reward that his guest earned on that day (while the guest retains his own reward). This is true even for the one who finances an iftaar, or one who prepares the food.

The Makrooh (hated things) of Fasting

1. To be excessive in rinsing with water, during wudu or other times. Having too much water in the mouth might cause a person to swallow some.

2. To unnecessarily taste food. There cannot be any swallowing and the tongue should be cleaned of any residual taste.

3. Kissing your spouse.

4. To sexually excite/touch your spouse.

5. To lie, to make ghiba (back biting), to do nameema (telling lies to cause two parties to fight). In fact, those who practice nameema do not enter paradise with the first set of Muslims.

6. To not pray the tarrawih or tahajjud in the last 10 days.

What are some the Voluntary Fasts that one may do?

1. The fast of the Prophet Dawood (peace be upon him) was mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as the best. It includes one day of fasting and one day of resting, continuously.
2. The best months for fasting include: Sha’ban, Muharram, Ramadan,Dhul Hijja.
3. The 13th, 14th & 15th of every Islamic month. The reward of fasting these three days is like having fasted an entire year.
4. Mondays and Thursdays—for these are the two days that the angels rise and descend with your deeds; i.e. the gates of heaven are open.(This refers to Maghrib time)

5. The 9th day of Dhul Hijja (for the ones not performing the hajj).This is the day of Arafat and fasting on this day ensures that the minor sins for the previous year and the coming year are forgiven.

Allah knows best!

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May Allah make this benefit us, and this advice is to us before it is to you our beloved readers.

May Allah allow us to succeed this Ramadan and may He forgive us for He is the Oft-Forgiving, The Forbearing! May Allah forgive us for any errors in this and grant us correctness. Wasallallahu alaa nabiyina Muhammad.Amin

ThurrockMuslims.com

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Continue reading “GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Thurrock Muslims -Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting”

GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Thurrock Muslims -Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


GET READY FOR RAMADAN 1440AH

Ramadaan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


Share this vital information with others! https://wp.me/p4GU3D-Cz

Let’s get ready for Ramadan in obedience to our Most Merciful Rabb, Allah!

It is hoped this will inform us of the primary reasons we fast, what is required of us and what to hope for.

May Allah, The Supreme Creator, permit us to fast for none but Him alone, may He reward us for our endeavours, and may He permit us to strive to avoid that which nullifies the fast, and strive to adhere to what maintains and perfects it, in accordance with the teachings of His final prophet peace be upon him.  Ameen.

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy medical professional) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

 

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Fiqh of Fasting – Part 7  (adapted mainly from Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim with notes from others)

Summary of Siyam (Fasting) Essentials

What is the meaning of “Siyam?”

The word “siyam” comes from the root word “sowm,” which means “to abstain from.”

Did Muslims fast before 2 A.H.?

Yes, in fact the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast on various days, including:

1. Day of Ashura (the exodus) when Allah delivered Musa sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and the Muslims of that time from the evil of Pharaoh. The Prophet (upon him be peace) taught us to fast two days—either the day before or after plus the actual day of Ashura.

2. On the day of Arafat, if not making Hajj

3. The first 9 Days of dhul-Hijjah

4. Mondays & Thursdays through out the year

5. The middle three days of each lunar month (13th, 14th & 15th) when he moon is at its brightest

6. There are some proofs by way of Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast before the prophethood—but we do not know the exact days.

Why was Siyam ordered?

The answer to this question lies only with Allah. However, we can find that there are many benefits and bits of wisdom behind this pious and sincere act.

1. Increases one’s Taqwa (remembrance of Allah in daily affairs), as is stated in the Quran: Surah Baqara verse 183.

2. Trains the body, mind and spirit to bear hardships while remaining patient.

3. Trains the body, mind and spirit to hold back from the natural desires of the human: food, drink, anger, lust, etc.

4. To help one understand what the impoverished go though.

What is the importance of the month of Ramadan?

This is the month in which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. This is the month where every dua’ reaches Allah. This is the month where the Muslims are protected from the evil whisperings of the shayateen. This is the month where one plants the seeds of worship, the seeds of taqwa in the earth and harvests the good deeds for sustenance throughout the year. And most importantly, this is the month in which the Quran was revealed—more specifically, on the night of Lailat-ul-Qadr.

Who must fast?

1. One who is Muslim
2. One who has Aql (mental faculties are sound and understands the responsibility of fasting)
3. One who has reached the age of puberty (signs include: growth of pubic hair or nocturnal emissions, emitting maniy, or reaching 15 years of age, occurrence of menses)
4. One who is Kaadir (able to maintain the fast)

What is the requirement for the fast?

Very simply, the fast begins with the niya (intention-this need not be verbal, rather intention resides in the heart)—this is a pre Requisite/ Shart—and then refraining from food, drink and things that break the fast, until the time for Maghrib has arrived.

It must be noted by the reader that one cannot just wake up in the morning and proclaim his fast for that day. This was only allowed for the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam. Rather, for the followers, there needs to be mental recognition of the fast BEFORE FAJR in other than the month of Ramadan.

What breaks the fast?

1. Eating

2. Drinking

3. Sexual relations/intimate acts of any type that leads to male or female sexual discharge,

4. Haid (menstrual bleeding)

5. Nifas (post natal bleeding)

6. Intentional vomiting

7. Needles that give you nourishment

For further clarification on some issues:

a. Blood testing is okay

b. If one needs to take Insulin then that person cannot fast

c. Using the puffer for asthma patients is okay—the respiratory type only.

(in sha Allah, see more detailed article on things which nullify the fast)
What happens if a couple has intimate relations during the fast?

• If the couple have intercourse intentionally then they have to make up that day and they have to fast 60 days consecutively, or if unable feed 60 people or Kafarah

What is Kafarah?

This is given only as expiation for sexual infractions during the fast. There are three methods of expiation:

1. Freeing of a slave

2. Fast for 60 consecutive days. If one day is missed then you would start from the beginning again

3. If you are unable to fast, for a legitimate reason (sick, old,etc.) then you may feed 60 miskeen (poor) people. They have to be Muslim people and it can happen on one day as a feast. Also, one can just give the money to feed 60 people. This is considered a debt for that person and they should fulfil it before their death. If they do die then the relatives can either fast for them or feed the miskeen.

What about those that cannot fast, but are of age?

Of those who are excused from the fast are those who have a long-term sickness, the pregnant woman, the woman who is breast-feeding and the traveller. For the traveller, the fast is to be made up. But for the others, they are to pay the Fidya (please note, there is a scholarly difference of opinion regarding who can pay fidyah instead of making up fasts- please consult a scholar for your own case, see the links below). Fidya is to pay for a meal for one miskeen person for everyday that is missed. Like the Kafarah, one can arrange to give 30 days worth of money at one time, or arrange a feast for 30 miskeen people on one day.

PLEASE NOTE however, regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sickness, please ask a highly knowledge Islamic scholar for individual cases. see this and this-is fidyah enough for pregnant women/sick people or not & should they make up the fast?) . Regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sick people whose illness goes away and making up missed fasts, see these (who is exempt) and (how to make up fasts for ladies/mothers) and (how to make up missed fasts- sickness and all else)

Confused about your case? Contact a knowledgabe Mufti (try calling up on the Ask the Sheikh programmes on Eman Channel, or similar.)

The Sunnan of Fasting

1. The sahoor and iftaar should be done with the family. If the family is not available then one should make an effort to never break the fast alone.

2. To hurry up with breaking the iftaar—not to delay it. But the sahoor can be delayed right up until the time for Fajr enters.

3. To break the fast with dates, or at least 3 sips of water.

4. To make dua’ of breaking the fast. (“Dhahaba al-zamau’a, wa abtallat al-‘urooq wa thabata al-ajr insha Allah (Thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is assured, if Allaah wills).” see Arabic below )

break the fasting dua

 

5. To increase in acts of ibada (recitation of the Quran) and this should continue after the month of Ramadan has passed.

6. To give more sadaqa (charity).

7. To offer the tahajud prayers and the tarrawih prayers (in congregation).

8. To feed other Muslims, even if they are not needy—meaning to invite people to your house for the iftaar. In fact, when you invite people the host receives the reward that his guest earned on that day (while the guest retains his own reward). This is true even for the one who finances an iftaar, or one who prepares the food.

The Makrooh (hated things) of Fasting

1. To be excessive in rinsing with water, during wudu or other times. Having too much water in the mouth might cause a person to swallow some.

2. To unnecessarily taste food. There cannot be any swallowing and the tongue should be cleaned of any residual taste.

3. Kissing your spouse.

4. To sexually excite/touch your spouse.

5. To lie, to make ghiba (back biting), to do nameema (telling lies to cause two parties to fight). In fact, those who practice nameema do not enter paradise with the first set of Muslims.

6. To not pray the tarrawih or tahajjud in the last 10 days.

What are some the Voluntary Fasts that one may do?

1. The fast of the Prophet Dawood (peace be upon him) was mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as the best. It includes one day of fasting and one day of resting, continuously.
2. The best months for fasting include: Sha’ban, Muharram, Ramadan,Dhul Hijja.
3. The 13th, 14th & 15th of every Islamic month. The reward of fasting these three days is like having fasted an entire year.
4. Mondays and Thursdays—for these are the two days that the angels rise and descend with your deeds; i.e. the gates of heaven are open.(This refers to Maghrib time)

5. The 9th day of Dhul Hijja (for the ones not performing the hajj).This is the day of Arafat and fasting on this day ensures that the minor sins for the previous year and the coming year are forgiven.

 

Allah knows best!

purple stripes banner

May Allah make this benefit us, and this advice is to us before it is to you our beloved readers.

May Allah allow us to succeed this Ramadan and may He forgive us for He is the Oft-Forgiving, The Forbearing! May Allah forgive us for any errors in this and grant us correctness. Wasallallahu alaa nabiyina Muhammad.Amin

Thurrock Muslims

 

Be generous, like, share and teach others for the sake of Allahhttps://wp.me/p4GU3D-Cz

 

Disclaimer:

Continue reading “GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Thurrock Muslims -Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting”

NOW’S THE TIME! – Fasting in SHAWWAL after Ramadan


NOW’S THE TIME! – Fasting in SHAWWAL after Ramadan


Asalamu ‘alaykum!

Let’s draw near to Allah with obligatory and voluntary acts of worship! Let us follow the Sunnah of The Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him with sincerity and be of those Allah loves and forgives!

So we’re halfway through Shawwal 1439, it’s been two weeks  and a bit post Ramadan. How are you feeling iman-wise?


olives n breadPerhaps we’ve slacked a little on our Qur’an recitation regime…

Perhaps we’re not praying much optional prayers…

Perhaps we’ve fallen into the same bad habits pre-Ramadan…

Feeling regretful? That’s the first step to change. Let us acknowledge our faults, and seek Allah’s forgiveness. Let us resolve to change for the better.

WE STILL HAVE A CHANCE!

Let’s revive the Ramadan atmosphere by increasing our ibadah, by quality and quantity in sha Allah!

We under 2 weeks left to make a positive difference!


Top Tips to revive our iman (faith, in statement and action) after Ramadan


 

  1. Let us make more istighfar, seek Allah’s forgiveness, saying Astaghfirullah, SubhanAllahi wabihamdi, Astaghfirullaha wa atoobo ilayhi, and this amazing dua called sayyid al istighfar you MUST learn (click here!)
  2. Strive to pray the five prayers on time
  3. Strive to spend in charity
  4. Do good and remind others to do good and keep away from and forbid evil, trying hard to practice what we preach.
  5. Read more Qur’an at least a page or so a day, try to read some tafsir or translation too.
  6. Have good character/perfecting it
  7. Make someone smile : )
  8. More remembrance of Allah, subhanaAllah, walhamdulillah, wallahuakbar, wa la ilaha ilallah! Because it’s all about Allah Who is Al-Wahid, alone!
  9. Do sunnah acts, optional prayers
  10. Fast 6 days of Shawwal! Here’s an awesome opportunity…

Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who observes As-Saum (the fasts) in the month of Ramadan, and also observes As-Saum for six days in the month of Shawwal, it is as if he has observed As-Saum for the whole year.”

[Muslim].

Subhanallah, WOW! : o

Narrated Abu Ayyub:

The Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: If anyone fasts during Ramadan, then follows it with six days in Shawwal, it will be like a perpetual fast. 

Reference : Sunan Abi Dawud 2433, sahih Al-Albani

ALLAHUAKBAR!

Don’t forget to make up what you owe of this Ramadan first (if any obligatory ones are outstanding e.g. ladies during their days off -menses etc.). Let’s complete Ramadan before following it with the Shawwal fasts, in sha Allah)

What an amazing sunnah, let’s try to fulfil this in sha Allah and tell others too, for the sake of Allah. Alhamdulillah. May Allah grant us the ability to serve Him according to Qur’an and Sunnah,with sincerity and sound intentions. wasallallahu ala nabiyinaa Muhammad. ameen ya Rab al alameen!

By the way this is a reminder to me before it is to you, so do comment below on anything you may want to add! May Allah forgive us for any errors! ameen

With love for the sake of Allah

Thurrock Muslims

About/disclaimer

 

GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting

In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious The Most Merciful.


GET READY FOR RAMADAN 1438AH

Ramadaan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


Share this vital information with others! http://wp.me/p4GU3D-s3

Let’s get ready for Ramadan in obedience to our Most Merciful Rabb, Allah!

It is hoped this will inform us of the primary reasons we fast, what is required of us and what to hope for.

May Allah, The Supreme Creator, permit us to fast for none but Him alone, may He reward us for our endeavours, and may He permit us to strive to avoid that which nullifies the fast, and strive to adhere to what maintains and perfects it, in accordance with the teachings of His final prophet peace be upon him.  Ameen.

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy medical professional) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

 

blue squares banner

Fiqh of Fasting – Part 7  (adapted mainly from Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim with notes from others)

Summary of Siyam (Fasting) Essentials

What is the meaning of “Siyam?”

The word “siyam” comes from the root word “sowm,” which means “to abstain from.”

Did Muslims fast before 2 A.H.?

Yes, in fact the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast on various days, including:

1. Day of Ashura (the exodus) when Allah delivered Musa sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and the Muslims of that time from the evil of Pharaoh. The Prophet (upon him be peace) taught us to fast two days—either the day before or after plus the actual day of Ashura.

2. On the day of Arafat, if not making Hajj

3. The first 9 Days of dhul-Hijjah

4. Mondays & Thursdays through out the year

5. The middle three days of each lunar month (13th, 14th & 15th) when he moon is at its brightest

6. There are some proofs by way of Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast before the prophethood—but we do not know the exact days.

Why was Siyam ordered?

The answer to this question lies only with Allah. However, we can find that there are many benefits and bits of wisdom behind this pious and sincere act.

1. Increases one’s Taqwa (remembrance of Allah in daily affairs), as is stated in the Quran: Surah Baqara verse 183.

2. Trains the body, mind and spirit to bear hardships while remaining patient.

3. Trains the body, mind and spirit to hold back from the natural desires of the human: food, drink, anger, lust, etc.

4. To help one understand what the impoverished go though.

What is the importance of the month of Ramadan?

This is the month in which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. This is the month where every dua’ reaches Allah. This is the month where the Muslims are protected from the evil whisperings of the shayateen. This is the month where one plants the seeds of worship, the seeds of taqwa in the earth and harvests the good deeds for sustenance throughout the year. And most importantly, this is the month in which the Quran was revealed—more specifically, on the night of Lailat-ul-Qadr.

Who must fast?

1. One who is Muslim
2. One who has Aql (mental faculties are sound and understands the responsibility of fasting)
3. One who has reached the age of puberty (signs include: growth of pubic hair or having wet dreams/emitting maniy, or reaching 15 years of age, occurrence of menses)
4. One who is Kaadir (able to maintain the fast)

What is the requirement for the fast?

Very simply, the fast begins with the niya (intention-this need not be verbal, rather intention resides in the heart )—this is a pre Requisite/ Shart—and then refraining from food, drink and things that break the fast, until the time for Maghrib has arrived.

It must be noted by the reader that one cannot just wake up in the morning and proclaim his fast for that day. This was only allowed for the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam. Rather, for the followers, there needs to be mental recognition of the fast BEFORE FAJR in other than the month of Ramadan.

What breaks the fast?

1. Eating

2. Drinking

3. Sexual relations/intimate acts of any type that leads to male or female sexual discharge,

4. Haid (menstrual bleeding)

5. Nifas (post natal bleeding)

6. Intentional vomiting

7. Needles that give you nourishment

For further clarification on some issues:

a. Blood testing is okay

b. If one needs to take Insulin then that person cannot fast

c. Using the puffer for asthma patients is okay—the respiratory type only.

(in sha Allah, we will try to post another more detailed article on things which nullify the fast)
What happens if a couple has intimate relations during the fast?

• If the couple have intercourse intentionally then they have to make up that day and they have to fast 60 days consecutively, or if unable feed 60 people or Kafarah

What is Kafarah?

This is given only as expiation for sexual infractions during the fast. There are three methods of expiation:

1. Freeing of a slave

2. Fast for 60 consecutive days. If one day is missed then you would start from the beginning again

3. If you are unable to fast, for a legitimate reason (sick, old,etc.) then you may feed 60 miskeen (poor) people. They have to be Muslim people and it can happen on one day as a feast. Also, one can just give the money to feed 60 people. This is considered a debt for that person and they should fulfil it before their death. If they do die then the relatives can either fast for them or feed the miskeen.

What about those that cannot fast, but are of age?

Of those who are excused from the fast are those who have a long-term sickness, the pregnant woman, the woman who is breast-feeding and the traveller. For the traveller, the fast is to be made up. But for the others, they are to pay the Fidya (please note, there is a scholarly difference of opinion regarding who can pay fidyah instead of making up fasts- please consult a scholar for your own case, see the links below). Fidya is to pay for a meal for one miskeen person for everyday that is missed. Like the Kafarah, one can arrange to give 30 days worth of money at one time, or arrange a feast for 30 miskeen people on one day.

PLEASE NOTE however, regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sickness, please ask a highly knowledge Islamic scholar for individual cases. see this and this-is fidyah enough for pregnant women/sick people or not & should they make up the fast?) . Regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sick people whose illness goes away and making up missed fasts, see these (who is exempt) and (how to make up fasts for ladies/mothers) and (how to make up missed fasts- sickness and all else)

Confused about your case? Contact Islamic Sharia Council

The Sunnan of Fasting

1. The sahoor and iftaar should be done with the family. If the family is not available then one should make an effort to never break the fast alone.

2. To hurry up with breaking the iftaar—not to delay it. But the sahoor can be delayed right up until the time for Fajr enters.

3. To break the fast with dates, or at least 3 sips of water.

4. To make dua’ of breaking the fast. (“Dhahaba al-zamau’a, wa abtallat al-‘urooq wa thabata al-ajr insha Allah (Thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is assured, if Allaah wills).” see Arabic below )

break the fasting dua

 

5. To increase in acts of ibada (recitation of the Quran) and this should continue after the month of Ramadan has passed.

6. To give more sadaqa (charity).

7. To offer the tahajud prayers and the tarrawih prayers (in congregation).

8. To feed other Muslims, even if they are not needy—meaning to invite people to your house for the iftaar. In fact, when you invite people the host receives the reward that his guest earned on that day (while the guest retains his own reward). This is true even for the one who finances an iftaar, or one who prepares the food.

The Makrooh (hated things) of Fasting

1. To be excessive in rinsing with water, during wudu or other times. Having too much water in the mouth might cause a person to swallow some.

2. To unnecessarily taste food. There cannot be any swallowing and the tongue should be cleaned of any residual taste.

3. Kissing your spouse.

4. To sexually excite/touch your spouse.

5. To lie, to make ghiba (back biting), to do nameema (telling lies to cause two parties to fight). In fact, those who practice nameema do not enter paradise with the first set of Muslims.

6. To not pray the tarrawih or tahajjud in the last 10 days.

What are some the Voluntary Fasts that one may do?

1. The fast of the Prophet Dawood (peace be upon him) was mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as the best. It includes one day of fasting and one day of resting, continuously.
2. The best months for fasting include: Sha’ban, Muharram, Ramadan,Dhul Hijja.
3. The 13th, 14th & 15th of every Islamic month. The reward of fasting these three days is like having fasted an entire year.
4. Mondays and Thursdays—for these are the two days that the angels rise and descend with your deeds; i.e. the gates of heaven are open.(This refers to Maghrib time)

5. The 9th day of Dhul Hijja (for the ones not performing the hajj).This is the day of Arafat and fasting on this day ensures that the minor sins for the previous year and the coming year are forgiven.

 

Allah knows best!

purple stripes banner

May Allah make this benefit us, and this advice is to us before it is to you our beloved readers.

May Allah allow us to succeed this Ramadan and may He forgive us for He is the Oft-Forgiving, The Forbearing! May Allah forgive us for any errors in this and grant us correctness. Wasallallahu alaa nabiyina Muhammad.Amin

Thurrock Muslims

 

Be generous, like, share and teach others for the sake of Allah– http://wp.me/p4GU3D-s3

 

Disclaimer:

Continue reading “GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting”

Fasting in SHAWWAL after Ramadan

Bismillah!

Asalamu ‘alaykum amazing individuals

We have a few days of Shawwal 1438ah, for those of you with good health, take advantage of this opportunity to gain extra rewards with the voluntary fasts. 


olives n breadPerhaps we’ve slacked a little on our Qur’an recitation regime…

Perhaps we’re not praying much optional prayers…

Perhaps we’ve fallen into the same bad habits pre-Ramadan…

Feeling regretful? That’s the first step to change. Let us acknowledge our faults, and seek Allah’s forgiveness. Let us resolve to change for the better.

WE STILL HAVE A CHANCE!

Let’s revive the Ramadan atmosphere by increasing our ibadah, by quality and quantity in sha Allah!


Top Tips to revive our iman (faith, in statement and action) after Ramadan


 

  1. Let us make more istighfar, seek Allah’s forgiveness, saying Astaghfirullah, SubhanAllahi wabihamdi, Astaghfirullaha wa atoobo ilayhi, and this amazing dua called sayyid al istighfar you MUST learn (click here!)
  2. Strive to pray the five prayers on time
  3. Strive to spend in charity
  4. Do good and remind others to do good and keep away from and forbid evil, trying hard to practice what we preach.
  5. Read more Qur’an at least a page or so a day, try to read some tafsir or translation too.
  6. Have good character/perfecting it
  7. Make someone smile : )
  8. More remembrance of Allah, subhanaAllah, walhamdulillah, wallahuakbar, wa la ilaha ilallah! Because it’s all about Allah Who is Al-Wahid, alone!
  9. Do sunnah acts, optional prayers
  10. Fast 6 days of Shawwal! Here’s an awesome opportunity…

Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who observes As-Saum (the fasts) in the month of Ramadan, and also observes As-Saum for six days in the month of Shawwal, it is as if he has observed As-Saum for the whole year.”

[Muslim].

Subhanallah!

Narrated Abu Ayyub:

The Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: If anyone fasts during Ramadan, then follows it with six days in Shawwal, it will be like a perpetual fast. 

Reference : Sunan Abi Dawud 2433, sahih Al-Albani

ALLAHUAKBAR!

Allah forgive us and grant us the opportunity and health to benefit from extra acts of worship for Him alone. May we have the tawfiq to complete what’s obligatory first.  May Allah grant us the ability to serve Him according to Qur’an and Sunnah,with sincerity and sound intentions. wasallallahu ala nabiyinaa Muhammad. ameen ya Rab al alameen!

By the way this is a reminder to us before it is to you, so do comment below on anything you may want to add! May Allah forgive us for any errors! ameen

With love for the sake of Allah

Thurrock Muslims

 

 

GET READY FOR RAMADAN! Ramadan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting

In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious The Most Merciful.


GET READY FOR RAMADAN 1438AH

Ramadaan preparatory reminders- Fiqh of fasting


Share this vital information with others! http://wp.me/p4GU3D-s3

Let’s get ready for Ramadan in obedience to our Most Merciful Rabb, Allah!

It is hoped this will inform us of the primary reasons we fast, what is required of us and what to hope for.

May Allah, The Supreme Creator, permit us to fast for none but Him alone, may He reward us for our endeavours, and may He permit us to strive to avoid that which nullifies the fast, and strive to adhere to what maintains and perfects it, in accordance with the teachings of His final prophet peace be upon him.  Ameen.

DISCLAIMER: This is for educational purposes and serves as an introduction to the issues pertaining to fasting. Parents/guardians are advised to supervise the following read as some issues which pertain to married adults have been mentioned. Please consult a knowledgeable Islamic scholar (and trustworthy medical professional) for details, particularly for questions and advice related to individual circumstances. We are not scholars and thus cannot issue fatwa, however we endeavour relate to you the words of the scholars who have studied the authentic teachings of Islam from the Qur’an and the Sunnah of prophet Muhammad upon him be peace. And ultimately, Allah knows best.

 

blue squares banner

Fiqh of Fasting – Part 7  (adapted mainly from Sh. Yahya Adel Ibrahim with notes from others)

Summary of Siyam (Fasting) Essentials

What is the meaning of “Siyam?”

The word “siyam” comes from the root word “sowm,” which means “to abstain from.”

Did Muslims fast before 2 A.H.?

Yes, in fact the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) used to fast on various days, including:

1. Day of Ashura (the exodus) when Allah delivered Musa sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam and the Muslims of that time from the evil of Pharaoh. The Prophet (upon him be peace) taught us to fast two days—either the day before or after plus the actual day of Ashura.

2. On the day of Arafat, if not making Hajj

3. The first 9 Days of dhul-Hijjah

4. Mondays & Thursdays through out the year

5. The middle three days of each lunar month (13th, 14th & 15th) when he moon is at its brightest

6. There are some proofs by way of Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who reports that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast before the prophethood—but we do not know the exact days.

Why was Siyam ordered?

The answer to this question lies only with Allah. However, we can find that there are many benefits and bits of wisdom behind this pious and sincere act.

1. Increases one’s Taqwa (remembrance of Allah in daily affairs), as is stated in the Quran: Surah Baqara verse 183.

2. Trains the body, mind and spirit to bear hardships while remaining patient.

3. Trains the body, mind and spirit to hold back from the natural desires of the human: food, drink, anger, lust, etc.

4. To help one understand what the impoverished go though.

What is the importance of the month of Ramadan?

This is the month in which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. This is the month where every dua’ reaches Allah. This is the month where the Muslims are protected from the evil whisperings of the shayateen. This is the month where one plants the seeds of worship, the seeds of taqwa in the earth and harvests the good deeds for sustenance throughout the year. And most importantly, this is the month in which the Quran was revealed—more specifically, on the night of Lailat-ul-Qadr.

Who must fast?

1. One who is Muslim
2. One who has Aql (mental faculties are sound and understands the responsibility of fasting)
3. One who has reached the age of puberty (signs include: growth of pubic hair or having wet dreams/emitting maniy, or reaching 15 years of age, occurrence of menses)
4. One who is Kaadir (able to maintain the fast)

What is the requirement for the fast?

Very simply, the fast begins with the niya (intention-this need not be verbal, rather intention resides in the heart )—this is a pre Requisite/ Shart—and then refraining from food, drink and things that break the fast, until the time for Maghrib has arrived.

It must be noted by the reader that one cannot just wake up in the morning and proclaim his fast for that day. This was only allowed for the Prophet sala Allahu alihi wasSalaam. Rather, for the followers, there needs to be mental recognition of the fast BEFORE FAJR in other than the month of Ramadan.

What breaks the fast?

1. Eating

2. Drinking

3. Sexual relations/intimate acts of any type that leads to male or female sexual discharge,

4. Haid (menstrual bleeding)

5. Nifas (post natal bleeding)

6. Intentional vomiting

7. Needles that give you nourishment

For further clarification on some issues:

a. Blood testing is okay

b. If one needs to take Insulin then that person cannot fast

c. Using the puffer for asthma patients is okay—the respiratory type only.

(in sha Allah, we will try to post another more detailed article on things which nullify the fast)
What happens if a couple has intimate relations during the fast?

• If the couple have intercourse intentionally then they have to make up that day and they have to fast 60 days consecutively, or if unable feed 60 people or Kafarah

What is Kafarah?

This is given only as expiation for sexual infractions during the fast. There are three methods of expiation:

1. Freeing of a slave

2. Fast for 60 consecutive days. If one day is missed then you would start from the beginning again

3. If you are unable to fast, for a legitimate reason (sick, old,etc.) then you may feed 60 miskeen (poor) people. They have to be Muslim people and it can happen on one day as a feast. Also, one can just give the money to feed 60 people. This is considered a debt for that person and they should fulfil it before their death. If they do die then the relatives can either fast for them or feed the miskeen.

What about those that cannot fast, but are of age?

Of those who are excused from the fast are those who have a long-term sickness, the pregnant woman, the woman who is breast-feeding and the traveller. For the traveller, the fast is to be made up. But for the others, they are to pay the Fidya (please note, there is a scholarly difference of opinion regarding who can pay fidyah instead of making up fasts- please consult a scholar for your own case, see the links below). Fidya is to pay for a meal for one miskeen person for everyday that is missed. Like the Kafarah, one can arrange to give 30 days worth of money at one time, or arrange a feast for 30 miskeen people on one day.

PLEASE NOTE however, regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sickness, please ask a highly knowledge Islamic scholar for individual cases. see this and this-is fidyah enough for pregnant women/sick people or not & should they make up the fast?) . Regarding pregnant and nursing mothers and sick people whose illness goes away and making up missed fasts, see these (who is exempt) and (how to make up fasts for ladies/mothers) and (how to make up missed fasts- sickness and all else)

Confused about your case? Contact Islamic Sharia Council

The Sunnan of Fasting

1. The sahoor and iftaar should be done with the family. If the family is not available then one should make an effort to never break the fast alone.

2. To hurry up with breaking the iftaar—not to delay it. But the sahoor can be delayed right up until the time for Fajr enters.

3. To break the fast with dates, or at least 3 sips of water.

4. To make dua’ of breaking the fast. (“Dhahaba al-zamau’a, wa abtallat al-‘urooq wa thabata al-ajr insha Allah (Thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is assured, if Allaah wills).” see Arabic below )

break the fasting dua

 

5. To increase in acts of ibada (recitation of the Quran) and this should continue after the month of Ramadan has passed.

6. To give more sadaqa (charity).

7. To offer the tahajud prayers and the tarrawih prayers (in congregation).

8. To feed other Muslims, even if they are not needy—meaning to invite people to your house for the iftaar. In fact, when you invite people the host receives the reward that his guest earned on that day (while the guest retains his own reward). This is true even for the one who finances an iftaar, or one who prepares the food.

The Makrooh (hated things) of Fasting

1. To be excessive in rinsing with water, during wudu or other times. Having too much water in the mouth might cause a person to swallow some.

2. To unnecessarily taste food. There cannot be any swallowing and the tongue should be cleaned of any residual taste.

3. Kissing your spouse.

4. To sexually excite/touch your spouse.

5. To lie, to make ghiba (back biting), to do nameema (telling lies to cause two parties to fight). In fact, those who practice nameema do not enter paradise with the first set of Muslims.

6. To not pray the tarrawih or tahajjud in the last 10 days.

What are some the Voluntary Fasts that one may do?

1. The fast of the Prophet Dawood (peace be upon him) was mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as the best. It includes one day of fasting and one day of resting, continuously.
2. The best months for fasting include: Sha’ban, Muharram, Ramadan,Dhul Hijja.
3. The 13th, 14th & 15th of every Islamic month. The reward of fasting these three days is like having fasted an entire year.
4. Mondays and Thursdays—for these are the two days that the angels rise and descend with your deeds; i.e. the gates of heaven are open.(This refers to Maghrib time)

5. The 9th day of Dhul Hijja (for the ones not performing the hajj).This is the day of Arafat and fasting on this day ensures that the minor sins for the previous year and the coming year are forgiven.

 

Allah knows best!

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May Allah make this benefit us, and this advice is to us before it is to you our beloved readers.

May Allah allow us to succeed this Ramadan and may He forgive us for He is the Oft-Forgiving, The Forbearing! May Allah forgive us for any errors in this and grant us correctness. Wasallallahu alaa nabiyina Muhammad.Amin

Thurrock Muslims

 

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